Grazing North Texas – Texas Bluegrass

Texas bluegrass often grows in colonies. (Photo by Tony Dean)

By Tony Dean 

Texas bluegrass is a perennial, native, cool-season grass that is adapted to most of Texas, but it is less common in the drier western areas. It greens up in the fall and stays green all winter if moisture is available, then becomes dormant during the hot summer months. It can grow in shade or full sun.

Texas bluegrass spreads by rhizomes, or underground stems, and by seed. Seeds sown during spring months can germinate and grow in the fall. Male and female flowers are found on different plants. In the seed head, the fertile female spikelets are covered by hairs, giving the seed head a cob web appearance.

The male spikelets may have a few hairs, but a more smooth appearance.Leaves on Texas bluegrass are mostly basal and grow three to eight inches long. Leaves are about 1/8 of an inch wide and are folded with the tips keeled like the bow of a boat.

To read more pick up a copy of the September 2018 NTFR issue. To subscribe call 940-872-5922.