The Trial of Satanta and Big Tree

A trial set in Jacksboro in July of 1871 quickly became national news. It marked the first time Native Americans were tried in
a state court. The accused were Kiowa Chiefs Satanta and Big Tree. The charges against them were seven counts of first degree
murder resulting from their participation in what became known as the Warren Wagon Train Massacre.
By 1871, the vast majority of Native Americans had been forced onto reservations in present day Oklahoma, but many had
not given up the hope of living free again. In last ditch efforts to regain their hunting grounds, many chose to make raids into
Texas. These raids were instrumental in the formation of Fort Richardson, near Jacksboro. The fort’s main purpose was to halt
such attacks. To read more pick up the September 2015 issue of NTFR.