One of Texas’ most recognizable symbol: The Texas Longhorn

By staff writer Jessica Bartel
For non-Texans, most believe we have a large, full grown Texas Longhorns in the front yard of each home. Although they do make beautiful yard ornaments, it is single-handedly one of the most recognized symbols associated with the great state of Texas. Not only does this breed serve as a profound part of Texas’ history, it also has excellent attributes.
Originated as a hybrid breed, the Texas Longhorn is a result of Spanish retinto (criollo) stock and English cattle. Many attributes of the Longhorn can be seen from both breeds. According to the Texas State Historical Association, Anglo-American frontiersman brought the cattle to Texas from southern and mid-western states in the 1820’s to 1830’s. Spanish cattle had roamed Texas before the 18th century.
In the 1850’s, longhorns were marketed in New Orleans and California, developing an immunity to Texas Fever that they carried and passed on to herds of other cattle. The Texas State Historical Association reported that during the second half of the 19th century, in 1861 Missouri and eastern counties of Kansas banned Texas Livestock in an attempt to fight the fever. After the Civil War, however, millions of Texas Longhorns were driven to market, especially to Indian and Military reservations in New Mexico and Arizona. To read more pick up the July 2014 issue of North Texas Farm & Ranch.

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